Meeting Attendance List

OCRA Meeting Attendance List: Please place a check mark by your name

Make a note of any new interest areas, help needed or help available to others.

First time attendees, new licensees, please give your name, callsign (if licensed), interest areas

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Join OCRA! Ask for a new member application form. Don’t have cash or cheekbook with you tonight? Return your completed application form to join OCRA; you will be listed on the membership with a “Pending” status. Dues can be payed by credit card on the OCRA website at www.ncocra.org, or at the next meeting. 1st time attendees from a recent OCRA VE test session receive a 1st year OCRA membership for free.

New Applications/Pending Status

Awaiting Dues Payment or, if newly licensed, attend the next OCRA club meeting for free 1st year membership

Membership Listing

Call SignFirst NameLast NameStatusPaid Thru1st JoinNewInterestsAssistance Needed
W3AHL Steve Ahlbom Current Apr.2020 Mar.2009 - - - Antennas, APRS, ARES, Auxcomm, Field Day, Nets/Net Control, Public Service, Repeaters, Repeater Crew, SSB, 80m, 40m, 20m, 15m, 10m, 6m, 2m, 70cm
KW4KZ Chuck Anoia Expiring Dec.2018 Jun.2015 - - -
KN4CSN Michael Austin Renew Mar.2019 Mar.2018 - - - Field Day, Public Service
W4JWA James Austin Current Jul.2020 Mar.2018 - - - Digital, Field Day
KM4IWI William Bailey Current Sep.2020 May.2015 - - -
N4GF Roger Barr Current Apr.2020 Jul.2015 - - - Antennas, Contesting, Mobile Ops
NA4VY David Belt Renew Oct.2019 Jan.2001 - - - Install, Wire Antenna
WB4JMB Jeanette Benjey Current Oct.2020 Oct.2019 New
WB4WGB Bill Benjey Current Oct.2020 Oct.2019 New
Ak4w Ed Best Current Sep.2020 Sep.2011 - - - APRS, Toantennas
N8BR Bill Bischoff Current Feb.2020 Jan.2015 - - - Antennas, CW, Field Day, Remote Station Ops, SSB, 160m, 80m, 40m, 30m, 20m, 17m, 15m, 12m, 10m, 6m Operate, HF Station, Vehicle Antenna, Multiband, Tower, 160m
KN4QCC Onda Blevins Current Jun.2021 Jun.2019 New Antennas, Field Day, Mobile Ops, Remote Station Ops, Attended Meeting to Learn about Ham Radio Operate, Mobile Unit, Remote Station
N4CCT George Bohannon Current Aug.2020 Mar.2011 - - -
KM4MDR John Boone Current Apr.2020 Aug.2015 - - - DX, Field Day
KS4VX Roger Boyles Current Mar.2020 Dec.2012 - - - Antennas, Contesting, Digital, DX, Remote Station Ops, SSB, 80m, 30m, 20m, 17m, 15m, 10m, 2m, HF propagation
KF4EUT Gwen Boyles Current Mar.2020 Dec.2012 - - -
KA5JUJ Martin Brody Current Apr.2020 Jul.2016 - - - Antennas, DX, 80m, 40m, 30m, 20m, 17m, 15m, 12m, 10m Operate, HF Station, Wire Antenna
KN4DRN Michael Canada Current May.2020 May.2018 - - - Antennas, DX, Mobile Ops, Remote Station Ops, Repeaters, Satellite Ops
W4ORD Lad Carrington Current Jun.2020 Aug.1992 - - - Antennas, ARES, Auxcomm, CERT, CW, DX, Field Day, Repeater Crew, SSB, Vintage Radio, 80m, 40m, 30m, 20m, 17m, 15m, 12m, 10m, 2m, 70cm
KK4BPH Mike Carwile Current Feb.2020 Apr.2011 - - - Antennas
WX4WNC Adam Caudill Current Feb.2020 May.2018 - - - Auxcomm, Digital
KN4JYP Kathy Chavis Current Jul.2020 Jul.2018 - - - Antennas, ARES, CW, Field Day, Public Service, Remote Station Ops, Satellite Ops, SOTA, SSB, 40m, 20m, 10m, 6m, 2m, 70cm Operate, HF Station, Mobile Unit, Remote Station, Wire Antenna, Stealth Antenna, Connectors, Tower, 40m, 20m, 10m, 6m
KM4IQX Michael Close Expired Nov.2018 Nov.2015 - - -
KM4IRF Jay Condie Renew Apr.2019 Apr.2015 - - -
KN4PAL Forrest Covington Renew Oct.2019 Oct.2018 - - - SSB, 10m, 6m, antennas
KN4SVO John Cowan Current Jun.2020 Jun.2019 New
W4CFO Jim Davis Current Nov.2020 Oct.2019 New Public Service, QRP (Low Power), SDR, Vintage Radio
KM4NOU Joel Dunn Current Jan.2020 Jan.2016 - - - Mobile Ops, Nets/Net Control, Repeaters, 40m
KR4UB Dan Eddleman Current Jun.2020 Apr.1993 - - - Antennas, Digital, DX, Field Day, Foxhunting, Repeater Crew, SDR, SSB, 40m, 20m, 17m, 10m, 6m, 2m, 70cm, FT-8 Builder/Maintainer of OCRA repeaters for 20 years; Need new hams to fullfill this role. Time, skill building, & long term commitment required.
KB1WE Wayne Estabrooks Lifetime Feb.2009 - - -
N6LUZ Skip Fisher Current Oct.2020 Jan.2004 - - -
WA2JLW Roy Forrest Current Jul.2020 Jul.2012 - - -
K4FHI Robert Glenn Current Feb.2020 Jun.2003 - - -
N2PCC Kurt Grandis Renew Apr.2019 Mar.2018 - - -
KX4P John Green Current Feb.2020 Feb.2014 - - -
N3TXU Bryan Greenawalt Renew Jan.2019 Jan.2012 - - -
W2STU Stuart Gulker Current Feb.2020 Feb.2019 New
K4ITL Danny Hampton Lifetime Apr.2009 - - -
K0STV Steven Harris Current Apr.2020 Apr.2019 New Antennas, DX, Field Day, Nets/Net Control, Public Service, SSB, 40m, 30m, 20m, 15m, 10m, 2m, Attended Meeting to Learn about Ham Radio Stealth Antenna
KM4MBG Jack Hill Current Apr.2020 Aug.2015 - - -
KF4PAB Lenore Hill Current Apr.2020 Feb.2016 - - -
KG4EDY Thomas Hillery Renew Aug.2019 Apr.2011 - - -
KE4YRB Joline Hodges Current Mar.2020 Feb.1999 - - -
KE4NBB Ted Hodges Current Mar.2020 Feb.1999 - - -
KE4MSW Victor Hoffman Current Mar.2020 Mar.2019 New
WA4PSC Howie Hoyt Renew Mar.2019 Jun.2010 - - -
KM4WHL Sarah Hoyt Renew Mar.2019 Feb.2017 - - -
N1GMR Kimberly Jackson Current Mar.2020 Feb.1992 - - -
KZ1X Steve Jackson Current Mar.2020 Feb.1992 - - -
KM4WXW Jeffrey Jagoda Renew Dec.2019 Nov.2018 - - - Auxcomm, Field Day, Public Service
WB8USJ Joseph Johnston Renew Jan.2019 Jan.2018 - - -
KI4MXP Gerrald Jones Current Aug.2020 Nov.2006 - - -
KK4MEG Albert Jones Current Jun.2021 Jan.2015 - - -
AC4RD Ken Kenzenski Expired Nov.2018 Oct.2012 - - - APRS, Contesting, DX, Mobile Ops, antennas
W4BOH Wilson Lamb Renew May.2019 Sep.2008 - - - Antennas, ARES, Auxcomm, CERT, CW, DX, Field Day, Public Service, Repeater Crew, Vintage Radio, 160m, 80m, 40m, 30m, 20m, 17m, 15m, 12m, 10m, 2m, 70cm, Offering help with HF tube operation
N2JBI Paul Leboeuf Current Jun.2020 Jun.2019 New
W4MDL Michael LeCates Renew Feb.2019 Feb.2018 - - -
KD4OFG Jackie Little Renew Dec.2019 Feb.1992 - - -
KK4NNQ Mark MacAllister Current Aug.2020 Aug.2013 - - -
KK4VOU Albert May Current Dec.2020 Dec.2019 New
KN4BTI Mark McClish Current Aug.2021 Aug.2018 - - - Public Service, antennas
KN4PTU Charles McComas Current Jun.2021 Oct.2019 New
N1LN Bruce Meier Current Feb.2020 Jul.2006 - - - Antennas, ARES, Contesting, CW, DX, Field Day, Public Service, SSB, 160m, 80m, 30m, 20m, 17m, 15m, 12m, 10m
N1YXU Laurie Meier Current Feb.2020 Jul.2006 - - - ARES, CERT, Field Day, Nets/Net Control, Public Service
KK4VUR John Mitchell Current Jan.2020 Jan.2017 - - -
N6WJM Jim Musson Current May.2020 Apr.2019 - - - Build, HF Station, Wire Antenna
W4AEN Ed Neely Current May.2020 May.2019 New Antennas, APRS, ARES, Auxcomm, CERT, Digital, DX, Field Day, Foxhunting, 80m, 40m, 20m, 10m, 6m Decision, Install, Wire Antenna, Feedline, Grounding
K1OC Tony O'Connor Renew Sep.2019 Sep.2013 - - -
KX4UZ George Oberlander Current Oct.2020 Oct.2019 New Antennas, ARES, CW, Digital, DX, Field Day, Public Service, QRP (Low Power), SDR, SSB, 40m, 20m, 15m, 10m, 6m
KN4QOT David Parker, Jr. Renew Dec.2019 Dec.2018 - - - APRS, Auxcomm, Contesting, Digital, DX, Field Day, Mobile Ops, Public Service, Repeaters, Repeater Crew, SOTA, antennas
KV4ZR Loren Peters Current Dec.2020 Jul.2014 - - - CW, Digital, DX, QRP (Low Power), Remote Station Ops, Satellite Ops, SDR, SSB, 160m, 80m, 40m, 30m, 20m, 17m, 15m, 12m, 10m, 6m, 2m, 70cm
KK4MEK David Pollock Renew Dec.2019 Mar.2013 - - -
KG4CFX Christopher Pope Current Apr.2020 Jan.2001 - - - ARES, Auxcomm, DMR, Field Day, Foxhunting, Mobile Ops, Nets/Net Control, Public Service, QRP (Low Power), Repeaters, 80m, 40m, 20m, 15m, 10m, 6m, 2m, 70cm
KU4GC Dee Ramm Current Feb.2020 Jul.1997 - - - Antennas, Digital, DX, paper chase
W4MKR MK Ramm Current Feb.2020 Jul.1997 - - -
WB4OSU Sherri Rapp Renew Aug.2019 Dec.2015 - - - Digital, Field Day, 40m, PSK-31, FT-8
N4KW Pete Raymond Current Apr.2020 Apr.2018 - - - Antennas, Contesting, CW, DX, Field Day, 160m, 40m, 30m, 20m, 15m, antennas
KN4VXC Leo Reynolds Current Aug.2020 Aug.2019 New
N2XZF Paul Robertson Current Apr.2020 Apr.2014 - - - Antennas, DMR, DX, Field Day, Repeaters, Repeater Crew, 20m, 10m Wire Antenna
WA4BVY Terry Rogers Renew Oct.2019 Oct.2009 - - -
KK4JGT Terry Schmidt Renew Jan.2019 Feb.2016 - - -
KE4LYK Charles Schoon Current May.2020 May.2017 - - - Contesting, DX, Field Day, Public Service, Repeaters, Repeater Crew, antennas, mobile, 3D art software, computer programming, electronics, politics
KD4UCZ Charles Schott Current Sep.2020 Sep.2019 New
KD4AGQ Dan Sears Renew Aug.2019 Oct.1992 - - -
NE4U John Shadle Lifetime May.2007 - - -
KR3AM Mark Sidell Current May.2020 Apr.2014 - - -
K4SAR Joe Simpson Current Mar.2020 Oct.1992 - - -
K4PHS Peter Slugg Current May.2020 Feb.2009 - - - APRS, Field Day
W4SAR Dave Snyder Renew Apr.2019 Oct.1992 - - -
KD4YJZ Karen Snyder Renew Apr.2019 Oct.1992 - - - ARES, CERT, Field Day, Nets/Net Control, Public Service, 10m Operate
W1KES Keith Stouder Current Mar.2020 Jan.2015 - - - CW, DX, Field Day, SOTA, SSB, 40m, 20m
KA2SBC Kathleen Stowell Current Jan.2020 Dec.2009 - - -
K1ZW Larry Stowell Current Jan.2020 Dec.2009 - - -
KA1HPM Nick Szydlek Current Nov.2020 Jun.2015 - - -
KJ4VWG Sam Tannous Current May.2020 Apr.2011 - - - APRS, ARES, Contesting, Digital, Remote Station Ops, SDR, ADS-B, Radio Astronomy, NEC2 Internals
WA4AHR Dewey Thompson Current Dec.2021 Oct.1992 - - -
w4air Daryl Thompson Renew Jul.2019 Jun.2018 - - - Antennas, DX, Mobile Ops, 20m
KK4PH Lowell Tieszen Renew Feb.2019 Apr.2009 - - -
KN4VXB Aurora Toennisson Current Jun.2020 Jun.2019 New APRS, CERT, Public Service, Attended Meeting to Learn about Ham Radio Build, Fix, Install, Operate, Want classes teaching ham radio
KA2DEW Tadd Torborg Current Aug.2020 Jul.2007 - - - Repeaters, Vhf Packet Radio
KN4EOO Richard Wenklar Current Aug.2020 Aug.2017 - - - Auxcomm, CERT, DMR, Mobile Ops, Public Service, Repeaters
KA5ETS Doug White Current Mar.2020 Aug.2011 - - - CW, Digital, antennas, FT8
KW4JY Calvin Whitt Current May.2020 Aug.1992 - - - digital, antennas
K4FD Dan Wise Current Dec.2020 Nov.2019 New Packet Radio
KG4PFB Lisa Woodward Renew Dec.2019 Nov.2001 - - -
K3VSA Woody Woodward Renew Dec.2019 Nov.2001 - - -
W4LMW David Wright Current Jun.2020 May.2018 - - - Antennas, ARES, Field Day, Mobile Ops, Public Service, SDR, 2m Install, Operate, Mobile Unit, Tower, 2m
W4KIL Andy Yates Current Feb.2020 Oct.2008 - - -
AI4MW Tommy Yeager Current Mar.2020 Jan.1999 - - -
K4AAI Jay Zaragoza Current Jun.2020 Jun.2019 New Antennas, SSB, Vintage Radio Beam Antenna, Wire Antenna, Connectors, Grounding, Tower, Getting back on air

Total: 110, Current: 77, Pending: 0, Renewal Needed: 27 Expiring: 1, Expired: 2, Lifetime:  3
New Members: 18

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Recent Posts

Morse Code Classes via a UHF Repeater

Steve Jackson, KZ1X

November 2019

The way that most people learn Morse Code best is in a classroom style setting. From roughly 1840 through about 1970, this was the manner in which most people learned Morse Code.

For a variety of reasons, beginning in the early 1980s, a trend began where people either did not have the opportunity to attend a classroom setting and / or took it upon themselves to try and self-teach the skill. The former is unfortunate; the latter, many times more challenging.

Well, amateur radio certainly has changed in the ensuing decades but what has not changed is the desire among many hams to be able to use Morse Code on the air.

Due to practical limitations such as the lack of a suitable classroom venue, the geographically diverse nature of potential students, busy lifestyles, and availability of instructors, it is not likely we will see a return to regularly scheduled, local, sit-down type Morse Code classes.

However, for those who do wish to learn in a class-styled environment, and who already hold a Technician or higher grade of amateur license, there may still be an alternative for a group-oriented Morse Code learning environment.

A Proposal

OCRA maintains a wide coverage UHF repeater. Like the majority of repeaters over the past 15 years or so, it is inactive most of the time.

This terrific and underutilized resource could easily host a scheduled on-the-air Morse Code class for students already holding amateur licenses. This document describes such a class.

Conceptually, the idea is simply to move a traditional sit-down classroom experience to one conducted in real time via a repeater. By making it interactive, on the repeater, the class will train participants to communicate over-the-air in Morse Code.

Yes, that’s it. The sole goal of the class is conferring the demonstrable ability to send and receive Morse Code on the air.

Before you ask:

There is no sending or receiving speed goal for this class.

Setting such a goal was important in an era when there was a standardized FCC test to pass. Teaching to receive at a given speed did not serve students well; it only helped the test proctors. Moreover, without a sending test, the underlying Morse communications skill of the student is not certain.

Therefore, a fixed-speed goal is not appropriate for a Morse Code class taught in 2020. Think of this class instead like “Marconi meets Montessori.”

Anticipating your next question:

What speed are the lessons sent at?

The answer is:

Since the class goal is to be able to make practical use of Morse Code on the air, the so-called speed for lessons is actually a more complicated issue than a simple number.

The speed of the dots and dashes for lessons is set at the natural rhythm rate, such the listening part of the brain will not try to ‘count’ these symbols. Instead, each letter’s acoustic pattern gets interpreted by the brain as a unique musical sound. Thus, the same part of the brain used to remember the first notes of a favorite song is activated to memorize the letters.

This is also why significant effort has been put into making the tones used in the class have musical integrity (pitch, tonality, and harmonic content are controlled).

In turn, the space between the letters is artificially lengthened from the expected spacing, so that the student will have time to write down each letter sent.

Focusing on “how fast?” as the sole metric for success is great for horses, not for people. This is about recognition, not rate. Once one knows all the letters and digits, increased speed is then only a function of experience and desire.

How Will The Class Work?

A class participant will learn Morse code over a period of approximately three months. The letters of the alphabet, the ten digits, and certain punctuation and procedural signals are introduced to students each week, in a graduated process.

Materials used are a combination of a Windows software application by G4FON, the K1EL Morse Tutor keyer kits, and a weekly over-the-air interactive instructor-led lesson. The software is used to make the letter introductions, and to help weekly home practice.

Dividing the 26 letters into four groups allows one to learn the more frequently used letters first. In turn, this allows the most rapid progress towards forming words. Quickly thereafter, students can create simple sentences.

The class design is interactive because student participants both receive and send in each class, and draw upon each other’s success. All of this occurs exactly as it would in a ‘live’ in-person setting. It is therefore vitally important that the students faithfully complete each week’s homework and come prepared for the next class.

Classes, Equipment, and Software

Classes

The class itself consists of eight on-the-air lessons, scheduled weekly, plus preparatory work.

Preparatory work consists of using the software to practice and learn the assigned new letters each week. Most people find that this will take from 1 to 3 hours per week. (Weeks 2 and 4 are hardest.)

Each weekly on-the-air lesson will be roughly 30-45 minutes in length.

There is a fixed curriculum. One cannot ‘skip’ any lesson, nor are there any make-up lessons possible.

This is in part because the lessons are not simply recordings. They are interactive, and, each lesson builds upon the previous one. In addition, students are active participants in the learning process for and with other members of their cohort.

Each over-the-air lesson consists of a student-listening portion, and a student-sending portion.

  • In the student-listening portion of each class, the instructor reviews the new letters introduced the previous week, by sending the letters over the air to the students.

This listening portion consists of these most recent letters, sent in three sequences of ten random groups of four letters each. The instructor, using an automated tool, transmits these.

After the lesson, the actual letter groups sent will be posted on line, so students can check their copy.

  • In the student-sending portion, the student will formulate words from all the letters learned so far in the class, and then send those words over the air so other class participants can copy them. Each student will send at least two words (generally 4 or 5 letters each).

The student-sending portion of the class is one reason for the K1EL Morse Code tutor kits. These kits allow a low-cost way of sending good quality modulated-CW signals over the repeater.

If a student wishes to use some other Morse tone generation gear, that is their option. However, it will still be necessary to use the same settings as shown below (in the software topic), so that all class participants’ signals sound similar (pitch, speed, spacing).

The student will need to be able to hold their microphone close enough to their kit’s speaker so they can send their words over the air. Of course – they must ALSO access the repeater well while doing so.

Equipment

The intention is for the typical local, licensed amateur to participate in the class easily, with minimal additional expense.

An assumption is that all students will already have the means to access the repeater, often via a handheld radio. It is prudent to check one’s signal into the repeater from the location where one will participate in each week’s lesson, prior to starting the course. Adding an external gain antenna and perhaps a corded microphone accessory could be very helpful.

An in-person set-up session prior to the first class will be available, so that students’ K1EL Morse Tutor kits can be programmed. The reason for this is because the Morse Tutor kits are programmed using Morse Code, and of course, the student using this Tutor does not yet know Morse Code.

The programming will be for rates, student callsign, audio pitch, and related settings.

Software

The software used for the class is by G4FON. It is a Windows program. (If you absolutely must use some other platform, please contact Steve, KZ1X, to discuss options.)

Several features of this software make it the ideal choice. The primary one is the feature where the user can select specific letters for the computer to send, repeatedly, allowing the student to learn new letters every week according to the class syllabus.

Other G4FON program options allow the computer-generated Morse Code to ‘sound’ like the class lessons do.

To set up the G4FON software for the class, choose the following settings on the main screen:

  • Set the Pitch to 660
  • Actual Character Speed to 15
  • Effective Code Speed to 5

and make any needed changes to the ‘button’ type options, as shown above.

Afterwards, open the ‘Setup’ tool and choose the “Morse Character Setup” tab:

For the first lesson, choose only the letters ‘T’ and ‘E’ as shown above.

For the second lesson, choose only the letters ‘E’ ‘I’ ‘S’ ‘H’ ‘T’ ‘M’ and ‘O.’

See below for the subsequent week letter introductions.

Here is a link to access the software:

http://www.g4fon.net/CW%20Trainer.htm

Lessons

Week 1 E T

Week 2 E I S H T M O

Week 3 A W J N D B

Week 4 U V G Z K R P X

Week 5 F C L Q Y

Week 6 1 2 3 4 5

Week 7 6 7 8 9 0

Week 8 . , ? /

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